Will cash die out?


    What are the new digital ways to pay?

    Today there is greater choice than ever before in how to pay for things.

    Contactless technology is now used in many debit and credit cards.  Then there are services that store payment cards digitally (like PayPal or Apple Pay), allowing contactless payments to be made using a PC or smartphone.  Other services link your mobile phone number to your bank account so that you can pay someone by sending a text message.

    Most of these innovations are about making it easier to pay for things.  It is the same underlying systems that make a secure payment possible whenever you pay by debit card – whether it’s contactless or using a PIN, in-store or online.

    It is worth noting that digital currency schemes, like Bitcoin or Ripple, are an altogether different thing.  They combine new payment systems and new currencies.  So to pay for things using Bitcoin, say, you would first need to buy bitcoins (using pounds, US dollars, euros etc).

    Is cash in decline?

    Despite these innovations, cash – banknotes and coins – continues to be important. In fact, there is more cash in circulation today than ever before.

    Cash in the economy £70 billion
    There are over 70 billion pounds worth of notes in circulation

    That is roughly twice as much as a decade ago…

    …Or equivalent to around £1,000 per person.

    This is, perhaps, surprising: people do not (generally) hold £1,000 in cash.

    So how is all this cash being used?

    A large amount of banknotes are held in the UK to pay for things: the cash in our wallets; in shop tills; in banks and ATM machines. People also hoard cash as a form of savings.  Large sums are also likely to be held overseas or for illegal uses: the so-called ‘shadow’ economy.

    What does the future hold for cash?

    Over the coming years, it is likely that alternative digital payment methods will become ever more widely accepted.

    Even so, many people will continue to use cash in their daily lives.  Many people say that they like cash because:

    • It is a fast and convenient way to pay
    • It is very widely accepted
    • It is helpful for budget management

    Some people also like the fact that cash payment is entirely anonymous.  It is easy to access cash, with over 50,000 cash machines in the United Kingdom that are free to use.

    From paper to polymer banknotes

    The Bank of England has been issuing banknotes for over 300 years and makes sure that the banknotes we all use are high quality.

    While the future demand for cash is not known for certain, it is not likely that cash will to die out any time soon.

    The New Fiver, which entered circulation in September 2016, is the first Bank of England note to be printed on polymer – a thin, flexible plastic.


    Polymer notes are stronger and harder to counterfeit. They are also resistant to dirt and moisture so they don’t become as tatty as paper notes. To find out more, click on the links below.

    Despite the new digital ways of paying, the popularity of cash will ensure there will always be a need to produce banknotes that are fit for purpose.

    Find out more:

    1 comment

    1. Jerzy Wieczorkiewicz (Canada)
      3rd October 2016

      Cash is the new Gold. The present Gold become just another material.

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